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Posted by on Sep 2, 2011 in Chinese | 0 comments

Chinese Wedding Customs And Rituals Culture

A Detailed & Elaborate blend Customs with Family

Chinese Wedding

Chinese wedding is arranged and compatibility of bride and groom is checked before finalizing their marriage relationship and tying up their knot for future. It is ascertained that no negativity should visit their alliance at any cost.  Despite the westernization of marriages across the world, the Chinese couples choose to uphold the centuries-old traditions from the ancestors.


Chinese wedding customs dates back to around 402-221 BC, known as Warring States period. During this time period, Chinese people began to follow the ideas of Three Covenants and Six Rites. The rituals related to these ideas were fairly complicated initially but with the passage of time, they were reduced towards the key notes of gift-giving, paying respects to families and ancestors as well as the bride joining the groom’s family for couple of three days.

Wedding preparations

Bridal bed

Before the wedding, the groom has to put up the bridal bed for his future wife according to Chinese Traditions. This bed has to get ready at least a day before the wedding. The groom is supported by couples having lots of children as good luck best men and women to setup this new bed. The bed is decorated in red or pink sheets; the red color signifies good fortune in Chinese culture. Children are then inspired to take a seat on the bed for an omen to enhance fertility in the new couple. The evening before the wedding, fortune women bless the happy couple for a happy marriage.

“Grand gift” before Marriage

Marriage is a family affair in the Chinese culture and during the marriage ceremony, all the family members from both the sides are present to participate in the ceremonies and bless the future couple.

At the time of the engagement, “grand gift” is presented by the groom’s family to the bride’s family. This is actually a formal occasion whereby which the two families officially acknowledge the marriage and gives their blessing. The proposal gifts usually include token money engrossed in red envelope and items for instance tea, “double happiness cake”, group of male and female poultry, sweetmeats and sugar, wine and tobacco. The token money is usually $99 or $999 since the number NINE represents “forever” in Chinese culture. Tea is regarded as an important part of the gift because the two families wish the newest couple to own as many descendants since the tea leaves. The whole items of gifts need to be in an even number.

The bride’s family will distribute the “double happiness cake” to friends like a type of announcement. Nowadays, each family send “double happiness cakes” as well as wedding invitations. At the moment, the two families goes to prepare for that marriage.

Hair-Dressing for Bride

Every morning of the special day, “hair dressing” ritual is carried out for the bride. A “good luck woman”, who is a woman with living parents, spouse and youngsters, will come to help dressing up the bride’s hair. The lady should also speak auspicious words while tying up her hair in the bun, a style of married woman.

Capping Ritual for Groom

“Capping” ritual for the Groom is carried out at the groom’s home, where the father of the groom places a hat decorated with cypress leaves over the groom’s head.

Chinese Wedding Door Game

Door game means the bride is a lovely girl and her family and friends do not want to marry her away. The entering groom is going to be blocked beside the bride’s home door, and her friends will attempt to stop him from entering by communicating with them about the bride, a means to test if he really loves her. They might also play other pranks  to delay the bride’s leaving. The groom will attempt to purchase them by presenting “Li Shi”, token money engrossed in red envelops. The entire “bargain” process is joyous and good-natured.

Chinese Wedding Dowry List

Bride’s dowry is primarily interior ornaments or daily necessities. Though wealthy parents also provide  a few real estate or number of servant girls. Other dowry items include 24-carat gold jewelries; 1 group of chopsticks to indicate “fast son”; 2 bowls involved with red string to create “sons and grandsons bowls”; toilet kettle; bed spread and pillows and quilt embroidered with dragon-phoenix design; scissors and ruler; wallet and belt, sliced candy; tea sets including tea pot, tea cups and tea tray; clothe wrapped in addition to cypress leaves, lotus seeds, lucky money (Li Shi), dried fruit for instance dragon eyes.

Chinese Wedding Gift-Giving Etiquette

Many rituals and customs are actually lost or amended over the period of thime. However, the reciprocal gift-giving etiquette is well-maintained as a cultural icon…

The newlyweds go to the bride’s parent’s 72 hours following the wedding. She bring certain gifts back to her home and the bride’s family has to give return gifts as part of the ritual.

List of Gifts from Bride’s Family on 3-day Visit: Roasted pig, Liquor one bottle, any kind of cake one box. Fruit and Sheng Cai, a vegetable that has the pronunciation of “lively”. Bamboo stick with indicate rising up step after step. Green onion which pronounces as “Cong”, the identical pronunciation as “plentiful” financially. Baby chicken in lantern box.

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