Modern Chinese Culture: Literature and Family Life
One of the largest countries in the world, China was known as the Middle Country in ancient times. Chinese culture is a combination of beauty and enchantment.
Modern Chinese culture is a refined mixture of many world cultures. It is full of color that adds life to it. Its modern way of life is greatly influenced by the west. They live in modern apartment complexes, high-rise buildings as well as modern style homes. They start living in small families units consisting of parents, children and sometimes grandparents. Girls and boys are given equal position and relationship becomes democratic. In terms of marriage, they enjoyed liberty of choosing their own marriage partners. The couple generally consults their parents before taking such major decisions. They start dressing themselves in western pattern.
Modern Chinese Culture Facts
It is very difficult to pin-point the exact cultural changes which took place in China. There were many forces that influenced the social life in China. Therefore, an exhaustive study would be required to put a proper picture of modern Chinese culture. Let us pick out some important details through this write up.
The beginning of Cultural Revolution (1966) saw an end to the traditional practices, belief systems and thought processes of old China. The ideology propagated by Mao Zedong had a deep impact on the Chinese society. The art movement was suppressed and people were not allowed to express themselves freely. Zedong tried to paint China in red.
Calligraphy and Painting
The modern history of painting and calligraphy can be traced back to the period when People Republic of China was formed. It was during this period that Western painting techniques were introduced to China; oil painting was one of these. The trend of mass-produced paintings followed till the beginning of Cultural revolution. During the Cultural Revolution, arts like painting and calligraphy suffered a lot with art schools being closed down. The number of exhibitions too dropped considerably.
In the early part of 20th century, vernacular prose started replacing the literary writing. This change triggered a chain reaction of a series of changes. Poetry, fiction and many other forms of literature flourished in China. The literature of post-Mao period presented before readers, the misery and pain experienced by masses during the Cultural revolution. The side-effects of Cultural revolution were discussed in this literature. The poetry, articles and novels that came up in post-Mao period are also known as literature of the wounded. It was in this period that people’s interest in foreign literary works grew.
Chinese Fast Food
Chinese fast food ensures that the food is cooked below 100 degrees so that the nutrition elements are not lost, making Chinese fast food high in nutritional value when compared to other western fast foods. As people are becoming more and more calorie conscious, they tend to prefer Chinese fast food than any other kind of western fast foods, as they are low in terms of calories. Chinese fast foods are working towards ruling out oily fatty food options from its menu list and are making an effort towards building a healthy fast food base. Mostly in Chinese cuisine, food is prepared in bite-sized pieces, ready for direct picking up and eating. Traditionally, Chinese culture use chopsticks at the table. The best part about Chinese fast foods is that they give emphasis on the usage of grains, beans, and vegetables. Their cooking style usually consists of boiling in water, instead of opting for deep-frying cooking technique.
Society and Family Life
The institution of family is the most basic unit that can help any society to attain heights otherwise difficult to soar. The Chinese realized this fact long ago and, therefore, have always considered familial bonds as sacred, honoring these ties optimally. With the passage of time, however, Chinese family values have undergone a sea change. Even then there are some aspects of the Chinese culture that are still the same. For instance, the father is still considered as the major provider and protector of the family.
When it comes to marriage, we find that the Chinese follow many ritualistic practices which include elaborate wedding celebrations. A unique phenomenon of most Chinese families is the one-child policy that has been enforced by law throughout the country. This policy was enforced as a means to control the rapidly growing population during the mid-1960s. There are exceptions though, families in the rural areas are allowed to have more than one child, especially if their first born is not a boy.