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Posted by on Dec 30, 2015 in Chinese | 0 comments

Top 8 Most Famous Cultural Heritage Of China

Top 8 Most Famous Cultural Heritage Of China

China boasts a large number of wonderful tour destinations including antique sites and relics, imposing imperial palaces, delicate water towns, amazing natural wonders, splendid cultural heritage etc.

One of the largest countries in the world, China was known as the Middle Country in ancient times. To give you an idea of its vastness, China spans over five geographical time zones, even though they follow only one time (Beijing Time). With such a vast country and varied geography, it is not surprising that the Chinese way of life differs from area to area, and the traditions and customs of people seem mysterious and complex to some Westerners. This may be in part due to the fact that China has been inhabited by many different ethnic groups.

With so much on offer, selecting a definitive top list of major Cultural heritage of China is tough. But we’ve deliberated and contemplated and come up with our selection of the must-see tourist attractions in China. Some of these are obvious, while others are slightly alternative and yet still highlight the grandeur of one of the world’s most interesting civilisations. There are top 8 cultural heritage sites must be mentioned as following:

China's Cultural Heritage

China’s Cultural Heritage

Great Wall, Beijing City

As the symbol of China, Great Wall carries profound history background through Qin to Ming dynasties. Being a great military defense project, it had a far-reaching strategic importance in ancient China, now as a witness of Chinese history, it shows visitors the incredible construction built by human hands. For tourists, Badaling section boasting impressive views is the most essence of Great Wall to explore this masterpiece.

Terracotta Warriors, Xian, Shaanxi Province

Terracotta Warriors with more than 8,000 life-size terra cotta figures of soldiers and horses buried underground for over 2200 years, in Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor. Based on the real soldiers of the first emperor of Qin’s Terracotta Army, the terracotta army is regarded as the Eighth Wonder of the World. Entering the display hall, you will be marveled at the splendor handicraft army and the military power in Qin dynasty.

Forbidden City, Beijing City

Forbidden City once was the imperial palace during Ming to Qing dynasties. As the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world, it was listed as world heritage site in 1987. Walking through the gates and walls, you will find the extensive collection of artwork and trace back the footprint of ancient emperors’ daily life.

Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, Gansu Province

Mogao Grottoes, also called Caves of the Thousand Buddhas, contain the finest examples of Buddhist art, is best known of the Chinese Buddhist grottoes, along with Longmen Grottoes and Yungang Grottoes. Thanks to The Silk Road, Mogao Grottoes gathered more and more merchants in ancient times and mixed various culture and gain great reputation. Apart from the numerous caves, there are kinds of Tantric murals, painted sculptures and typical ancient buildings to explore.

Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, Gansu Province

Mogao Grottoes, also called Caves of the Thousand Buddhas, contain the finest examples of Buddhist art, is best known of the Chinese Buddhist grottoes, along with Longmen Grottoes and Yungang Grottoes. Thanks to The Silk Road, Mogao Grottoes gathered more and more merchants in ancient times and mixed various culture and gain great reputation. Apart from the numerous caves, there are kinds of Tantric murals, painted sculptures and typical ancient buildings to explore.

The Temple of Heaven, Beijing

The Temple of Heaven in the southern part of Beijing is China’s largest existing complex of ancient sacrificial buildings. Occupying an area of 273 hectares, it is three times the area of the Forbidden City. It was built in 1420 for emperors to worship Heaven. The principle buildings include the Altar of Prayer for Good Harvests, Imperial Vault of Heaven and Circular Mound Altar.

The Altar of Prayer for Good Harvest, 38 meters in height and 30 meters in diameter, stands on a round foundation built with three levels of marble stones. This towering triple-eave hall is under a three-story, cone-shaped glaze-tile roof in blue color crowned with a gilded knob. A circular wall of polished bricks known as the Echo Wall encloses the Imperial Vault of Heaven. The Circular Mount Altar, south to the Imperial Vault of Heaven, is where the emperor prayed to heaven. At the center lies a round stone called the Center of Heaven Stone that echoes when a visitor speaks loudly when standing on the stone.

The Temple of Heaven Beijing

The Temple of Heaven Beijing

The Imperial Palace in Shenyang

The Imperial Palace in Shenyang Located in the center of Shenyang, Liaoning Province, Shenyang Imperial Palace, also known as the Mukden Palace, is the former imperial palace of the early Qing Dynasty of China. It was built in 1625 and the first three Qing emperors lived there from 1625 to 1644. In 2004, it was listed by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage Site to be an extension of the Forbidden City in Beijing.

The Yungang Grottoes, Shanxi Province

Located at the southern foot of Wuzhou Mountain 16 kilometers west of Datong, Shanxi Province, the Yungang Grottoes were built against the mountain and extend about 1 kilometer from east to west. The construction of the caves was started under the auspices of the noted monk Tan Yao in 453 and took 50 years to complete. The 53 grottoes include 1,000 niches with about 51,000 statues – a treasure-trove of cave art that combines traditional Chinese art forms with foreign influence, particularly Greek and Indian.

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